Referencing: Guidelines for citing audio-visual material

  • Br Universities File & Video Council logo article | Publicly viewable

Have you ever wondered how to cite a television advert? Or what about an extract from a DVD? Do you ever need to provide advice to students or contributors about how to reference audiovisual content within their own work? The British Universities Film & Video Council (BUFVC) provides a pioneering set of guidelines to help answer all these questions and more.

The guidelines are practical, accessible and applicable to a wide range of different users across all disciplines. They encourage best practice in citing any kind of audiovisual item and cover film; television programmes; radio programmes; audio recordings; DVD extras; clips; trailers; adverts; idents; non-broadcast, amateur and archive material; podcasts; vodcasts; and games.

In the era of YouTube, podcasts and vodcasts it is crucial for students, researchers and academics alike to be able to cite these sources clearly and ensure references can be traced back unambiguously.